Woman using a fire extinguisher to put out a flare on an outstretched arm

Psoriatic Arthritis Flare Management

We know the main symptoms of PsA include joint pain, stiffness, and swelling, and skin rash.

PsA is a chronic condition with no known cure, but symptoms can improve for a time, or worsen. This worsening of PsA symptoms is known as a flare.

Recognizing a PsA flare

There is no specific definition for a PsA flare, as symptoms can vary from patient to patient. Still, it is normal for PsA symptoms to improve, and even at times go into remission—which means that symptoms are nearly nonexistent.

It is also normal, and common, for symptoms to worsen, or “flare-up”, suddenly. Even though symptoms of a flare can vary between patients, the most common signs include:

  • Recurrence or increase in joint pain, swelling, or redness
  • Worsening or reappearance of thick, red plaques on the skin
  • Fatigue, difficulty concentrating, or depression
  • Symptoms last for several days

What causes a flare?

For patients with PsA, immune system cells attack the healthy cells and tissue, and though it is not known exactly why this happens, there are things that can contribute to a flare of symptoms.

Triggers include:

  • Stress: stress or anxiety is one of the most common triggers for a PsA flare
  • Sickness or injury: infection or injury can increase the possibilities of symptoms in the affected area, but an overall weakened immune system, such as during a cold, can also contribute
  • Missing medication: if a patient is prescribed medication to treat PsA, it should continue to be taken, even if symptoms have subsided, otherwise, this can lead to a flare
  • Lifestyle choices: smoking, obesity, or an unhealthy diet can all contribute to the worsening of PsA symptoms

Treating PsA flares

Sometimes treating a PsA flare is as simple as resuming missed medication or adjusting a prescribed treatment regimen. This may mean adding additional medication during a flare, or switching medications if flares are becoming more common.

Doctors may also advise limiting activity for a time period. While light exercise may still be fine, trying to manage too much as once can increase stress levels, which can contribute to a flare. Home pain relief remedies may also be recommended for painful joint symptoms, such as hot or cold compresses.

Heat therapy may help joint pain by relaxing and opening up blood vessels, which allows oxygen to move more freely, therefore reducing pain. Cold therapy, on the other hand, can relieve pain by reducing swelling and inflammation. So be sure to check with a doctor to see if and which such treatments are advised.

Prevention is key

Though flares are common in PsA, there are some things you can do to try and minimize or prevent symptoms from reappearing or worsening. It is helpful to be aware of your specific triggers and try and avoid them, if possible. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle through regular exercise and healthy eating also contributes to fewer flares.

If you are a patient with PsA, take care of yourself, and always reach out to your doctor if you have any problems or questions about your condition.

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This article represents the opinions, thoughts, and experiences of the author; none of this content has been paid for by any advertiser. The Psoriatic-Arthritis.com team does not recommend or endorse any products or treatments discussed herein. Learn more about how we maintain editorial integrity here.

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